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1. Associate Professor, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (228 Views)
Background: The present study aimed to investigate the effect of physical exercise (PE( combined with motor imagery (MI) and self-talk (ST) on motor memory consolidation in adolescents.
Method: The participants were 45 unskilled right-handed young males (13 ± 1.8 years), randomly divided into three groups of PE, ST + PE, and MI + PE. After the pre-test participants practiced finger overhead passing and forearm passing for 3 sessions on three consecutive days. The acquisition test was performed immediately after the last training session and the retention one a week after that.
Results: The results of ANOVA with repeated measures indicated that all three groups had experienced consolidation. We found that better performance means of the combined ST+PE group with that of the MI+PE one and the PE group (P = 0.005). Comparing motor performance indicated that the combined ST group, more than the other two groups, and the combined MI group experienced more enhancements in consolidating their motor memory than the PE group (P = 0.005).
Conclusion: Overall, these findings indicated the importance of ST in improving motor memory consolidation.

  • Adolescence is an important stage of life that affect the acquisition and retention of motor skills.
  • The use of mental training techniques as strategies to improve motor learning and performance has been endorsed.
  • Educational and motivational self-talk was an effective tool for skill acquisition and improving performance in motor skills.
  • Physical training combined with motor imagery (MI) and self-talk (ST) has an effect on the consolidation of motor memory in adolescents.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: 1. Motor learning
Received: 2022/04/29 | Accepted: 2022/11/24

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