Volume 3, Issue 2 (5-2021)                   IJMCL 2021, 3(2): 25-31 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mohammadi Z, Hajloo N, Seifi-Skishahr F. The Effect of Reciprocal Imitation Training on the Function of Upper Limbs and Motor Skills of Children with Cerebral Palsy. IJMCL. 2021; 3 (2) :25-31
URL: http://ijmcl.com/article-1-87-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil Iran
Abstract:   (41 Views)
Background: Cerebral Palsy (CP) is one of the most common disorders affecting movement disorders and impairments of cognition, visual, language and communication. However, there is still a lack of interventional therapy which involves Reciprocal Imitation Training (RIT) intended to improve imitation skills of children with CP.
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of reciprocal imitation training on the function of upper limbs and motor skills of children with cerebral palsy.
Method: 20 children with cerebral palsy were selected from Tavana Rehabilitation Center of Tabriz city using charter method and were divided into two groups of reciprocal imitation and control randomly. The subjects of reciprocal imitation group were trained with reciprocal imitation training and control group did not receive any training. Lincoln-Osertsky Motor Development scale was used to collect the information from subjects.
Results: The results of covariance test indicated that reciprocal imitation training can improve the function of upper limbs and motor skills of children with cerebral palsy (P < 0.05).
Conclusion: Therefore, it can be concluded that reciprocal imitation training is as an effective strategy for improving the motor skills with cerebral palsy.
Full-Text [PDF 292 kb]   (24 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: 2-2. Rehabilitation
Received: 2021/02/1 | Accepted: 2021/05/7 | Published: 2021/05/19

1. Lim, Y., Seer, M., & Wong, C. P. (2009). Impact of cerebral palsy on the quality of life in patients and their families. Neurology Asia, 14(1).
2. Dalnoud, H., Dehghan, L., Feizi Avat, R., Hosseini, S. (2011). Comparing the effect of fixed and jointed AFO on the function of standing and walking of children with cerebral palsy , Journal of Rafsanjan Medical Sciences University/ No.1.
3. Gharib. (2012). Evaluating the reliability and validity of quality test of upper limbs skills in children with cerebral palsy , Journal of Rafsanjan Medical Sciences University/ Vol. 9, No.3
4. Tasoujian, E., Shujauddin, S., Bahram, A. (2015). The effect of massage and cryotherapy on the amount of spasticity and motion range of upper limbs of children with cerebral palsy , Iranian Quarterly Journal of Exceptional children/ 15th year, No.2
5. Gharib, M., Hosseini, S., Akbar, F., Salehi, M.(2010).Evaluating the reliability and validity of quality test of upper limbs skills in children with cerebral palsy , Journal of Rafsanjan Medical Sciences University/ Vol. 9, No.3 .
6. Shariat, A., Abedi, A. (2010), Effectiveness of physiotherapy on children with spastic cerebral palsy , Tabriz University of Medical sciences and Health services .
7. Klingels, K.(2013). Randomized trial of modifed constraint-induced movement therapy with and without an intensive therapy program in children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Neurorehabil. Neural Repair 27, 799-807. [DOI:10.1177/1545968313496322]
8. Cristina, S., Lisa, M., Ellen, J., Els, O., Kaat, D., Katrijn, K. (2020).Efects of combining constraint induced movement therapy and action observation training on upper limb kinematics in children with unilateral cerebral palsy: a randomized controlled trial. Scientific Reports 10:10421 | https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-67427-2 [DOI:10.1038/s41598-020-67427-2.]
9. Steenbergen, B., Verrel, J. & Gordon, A. (2007). M. Motor planning in congenital hemiplegia. Disabil. Rehabil. 29, 13-23. [DOI:10.1080/09638280600947591]
10. Mutsaarts, M., Steenbergen, B. & Bekkering, H. (2006). Anticipatory planning defcits and task context efects in hemiparetic cerebral palsy. Exp. Brain Res. 172, 151-162. [DOI:10.1007/s00221-005-0327-0]
11. Ingersoll, B.(2008). The Social Role of Imitation in Autism: Implications for the Treatment of Imitation Deficits. Infants & Young Children;21(2):107-19. [DOI:10.1097/01.IYC.0000314482.24087.14]
12. Buccino, G., Solodkin, A. & Small, S. L. (2006). Functions of the mirror neuron system: implications for neurorehabilitation. Cogn. Behav. Neurol. 19, 55-63. [DOI:10.1097/00146965-200603000-00007]
13. Whitmore, A.(2015). Examining the Relationship Between Imitation, Motor Movement, and Language Skill in Young Children with Developmental Disabilities. Dissertation, Georgia State University, https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/psych_diss/137
14. Sloan, W. (1955). The Lincoln-Oseretsky Motor Development Scale. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 51, 183-252.
15. Rizzolatti, G. & Craighero, L. (2013). Te mirror-neuron system. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 27, 169-192. [DOI:10.1146/annurev.neuro.27.070203.144230]
16. Ingersoll, B., Gergans, S.(2007). The effect of a parent implemented naturalistic imitation intervention on spontaneous imitation skills in young children with autism. Research in Developmental Disabilities; 28(2): 163-175. [DOI:10.1016/j.ridd.2006.02.004]
17. Krupicz, M.( 2014). Critical review: the efficacy of Reciprocal Imitation Training as a treatment for imitation deficits in young children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Copyright @ 2014.
18. Sakzewski, L., Boyd, R. & Ziviani, J. (2007). Clinimetric properties of participation measures for 5- to 13-year-old children with cerebral palsy: a systematic review. Dev. Med. Child Neurol. 49, 232-240. [DOI:10.1111/j.1469-8749.2007.00232.x]
19. Malik, s.( 2016).the effects of reciprocal imitation training on behavior and brain activity in children with autism.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | International Journal of Motor Control and Learning

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb