Volume 5, Issue 3 (8-2023)                   IJMCL 2023, 5(3): 43-47 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Feiz Khademi A, Minoonejad H, Akochakian M, Moghadas Tabrizi Y. (2023). Investigating the Effect of Simultaneous Dual Task Execution on the Balance Position of People with Forward Head Posture. IJMCL. 5(3), 43-47. doi:10.61186/ijmcl.5.3.43
URL: http://ijmcl.com/article-1-150-en.html
Department of Sports injury and biomechanics, Faculty of Sport Sciences and health, university of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. , H.minoonejad@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (914 Views)
Background: The present study has been conducted with the aim of the effect of the simultaneous implementation of the dual task on the dynamic balance of people with forward head posture.
Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 40 male students with forward head posture and 40 normal male students were purposefully selected to participate in the present study. After familiarizing the participants with the test implementation conditions (dynamic balance with cognitive task and dynamic balance without cognitive task), each of the tests was performed three times, and between each performance, the subject rested for 30 seconds. Results: The results shown that there is significant difference between the dynamic balance of the participants with forward head posture position and normal participants, and the participants with forward head posture statistically have weaker dynamic balance (P<0.05). Also, the implementation of the dual task has a significant effect on the balance of both groups of participants with forward head and normal posture and statistically weakens the dynamic balance of participants with forward head posture and normal participants (P<0.05).
Conclusion: In general, the results of the research made it clear that the posture of the forward head posture will cause the loss and decrease of the stability of the person's posture. Also, in both groups of people with forward head and normal posture, performing a dual task leads to the weakening of postural stability.
Full-Text [PDF 321 kb]   (264 Downloads)    
  •  In today's world, mechanization of lifestyle has caused wrong postural habits, especially in the head and neck area.
  •  Forward head posture causes abnormal contractions and muscle imbalance 
  • The implementation of the dual task (cognitive-balance) weakens the dynamic balance of participants with forward head posture and normal participants.
  • Forward head posture will cause the loss and decrease of the stability of the person's posture.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: 2. Motor control
Received: 2023/04/17 | Accepted: 2023/08/12

1. Abbasi, H., Alizadeh, M. H., Rajabi, R., & Mohammadi, F. (2020). Comparison of static and dynamic postural stability between individuals with and without forward head posture. Physical Treatments-Specific Physical Therapy Journal, 10(3), 127-134. [DOI:10.32598/ptj.10.3.364.3]
2. Ahmadipoor, A., Khademi-Kalantari, K., Rezasoltani, A., Naimi, S.-S., & Akbarzadeh-Baghban, A. (2022). Effect of Forward Head Posture on Dynamic Balance Based on the Biodex Balance System. Journal of Biomedical Physics & Engineering, 12(5), 543. [DOI:10.31661/jbpe.v0i0.1912-1036]
3. Baione, V., Ferrazzano, G., Celletti, C., De Rosa, M., Belvisi, D., Fabbrini, G., . . . Conte, A. (2021). Attention-demanding cognitive tasks worsen postural control in patients with cervical dystonia: a case-control study. Frontiers in Neurology, 12, 666438. [DOI:10.3389/fneur.2021.666438] [PMID] []
4. Bekkers, E. M., Dockx, K., Devan, S., Van Rossom, S., Verschueren, S. M., Bloem, B. R., & Nieuwboer, A. (2018). The impact of dual-tasking on postural stability in people with Parkinson's disease with and without freezing of gait. Neurorehabilitation and neural repair, 32(2), 166-174. [DOI:10.1177/1545968318761121] [PMID]
5. Boes, M. K., Sosnoff, J. J., Socie, M. J., Sandroff, B. M., Pula, J. H., & Motl, R. W. (2012). Postural control in multiple sclerosis: effects of disability status and dual task. Journal of the neurological sciences, 315(1-2), 44-48. [DOI:10.1016/j.jns.2011.12.006] [PMID]
6. Crisafulli, O., Trompetto, C., Puce, L., Marinelli, L., Costi, S., Abbruzzese, G., . . . Pelosin, E. (2021). Dual task gait deteriorates gait performance in cervical dystonia patients: a pilot study. Journal of Neural Transmission, 128, 1677-1685. [DOI:10.1007/s00702-021-02393-1] [PMID] []
7. Doumas, M., Rapp, M. A., & Krampe, R. T. (2009). Working memory and postural control: adult age differences in potential for improvement, task priority, and dual tasking. Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 64(2), 193-201. [DOI:10.1093/geronb/gbp009] [PMID] []
8. Fortier, S., & Basset, F. A. (2012). The effects of exercise on limb proprioceptive signals. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 22(6), 795-802. [DOI:10.1016/j.jelekin.2012.04.001] [PMID]
9. Gade, V. K., & Wilson, S. E. (2007). Position sense in the lumbar spine with torso flexion and loading. Journal of applied biomechanics, 23(2), 93-102. [DOI:10.1123/jab.23.2.93] [PMID]
10. Ghai, S., Driller, M., & Ghai, I. (2017). Effects of joint stabilizers on proprioception and stability: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Physical Therapy in Sport, 25, 65-75. [DOI:10.1016/j.ptsp.2016.05.006] [PMID]
11. Greenberg, E. T., Barle, M., Glassman, E., Jacob, L., Jaafar, H., Johnson, A., . . . Jung, M.-K. (2019). Reliability and stability of the Y Balance Test in healthy early adolescent female athletes. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 7(3_suppl), 2325967119S2325900051. [DOI:10.1177/2325967119S00051] []
12. Ha, S.-Y., & Sung, Y.-H. (2020). A temporary forward head posture decreases function of cervical proprioception. Journal of exercise rehabilitation, 16(2), 168. [DOI:10.12965/jer.2040106.053] [PMID] []
13. Koseki, T., Kakizaki, F., Hayashi, S., Nishida, N., & Itoh, M. (2019). Effect of forward head posture on thoracic shape and respiratory function. Journal of physical therapy science, 31(1), 63-68. [DOI:10.1589/jpts.31.63] [PMID] []
14. Krampe, R. T., Schaefer, S., Lindenberger, U., & Baltes, P. B. (2011). Lifespan changes in multi-tasking: concurrent walking and memory search in children, young, and older adults. Gait & posture, 33(3), 401-405. [DOI:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2010.12.012] [PMID]
15. Lanzarin, M., Parizzoto, P., Libardoni, T. d. C., Sinhorim, L., Tavares, G. M. S., & Santos, G. M. (2015). The influence of dual-tasking on postural control in young adults. Fisioterapia e Pesquisa, 22, 61-68.
16. Lee, J.-H. (2016). Effects of forward head posture on static and dynamic balance control. Journal of physical therapy science, 28(1), 274-277. [DOI:10.1589/jpts.28.274] [PMID] []
17. Lee, M.-Y., Lee, H.-Y., & Yong, M.-S. (2014). Characteristics of cervical position sense in subjects with forward head posture. Journal of physical therapy science, 26(11), 1741-1743. [DOI:10.1589/jpts.26.1741] [PMID] []
18. Nemmers, T. M., Miller, J. W., & Hartman, M. D. (2009). Variability of the forward head posture in healthy community-dwelling older women. Journal of geriatric physical therapy, 32(1), 10-14. [DOI:10.1519/00139143-200932010-00003] [PMID]
19. Palmgren, P. J., Lindeberg, A., Nath, S., & Heikkilä, H. (2009). Head repositioning accuracy and posturography related to cervical facet nerve blockade and spinal manipulative therapy in healthy volunteers: a time series study. Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics, 32(3), 193-202. [DOI:10.1016/j.jmpt.2009.02.003] [PMID]
20. Pashler, H. (1994). Dual-task interference in simple tasks: data and theory. Psychological bulletin, 116(2), 220. [DOI:10.1037/0033-2909.116.2.220] [PMID]
21. Raykar, R., Tajne, K., & Palekar, T. (2018). Effect of forward head posture on static and dynamic balance. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 7(9), 797-808.
22. Saxena, S., Cinar, E., Majnemer, A., & Gagnon, I. (2017). Does dual tasking ability change with age across childhood and adolescence? A systematic scoping review. International journal of developmental neuroscience, 58, 35-49. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijdevneu.2017.01.012] [PMID]
23. Schaefer, S., Jagenow, D., Verrel, J., & Lindenberger, U. (2015). The influence of cognitive load and walking speed on gait regularity in children and young adults. Gait & posture, 41(1), 258-262. [DOI:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.10.013] [PMID]
24. Shaghayegh-Fard, B., Ahmadi, A., Maroufi, N., & Sarrafzadeh, J. (2015). The evaluation of cervical position sense in forward head posture subjects and its comparison with normal subjects. Rehabilitation, 16(1).
25. Swait, G., Rushton, A. B., Miall, R. C., & Newell, D. (2007). Evaluation of cervical proprioceptive function: optimizing protocols and comparison between tests in normal subjects. Spine, 32(24), E692-E701. [DOI:10.1097/BRS.0b013e31815a5a1b] [PMID]
26. Taheri, S. H., Khademi-Kalantari, K., Davoudi, M., & Akbarzadeh Baghban, A. (2019). Attention and Visual Demands of Postural Control in Patients with Forward Head Posture. The Scientific Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 8(4), 247-256.
27. Talelli, P., Ewas, A., Waddingham, W., Rothwell, J. C., & Ward, N. S. (2008). Neural correlates of age-related changes in cortical neurophysiology. Neuroimage, 40(4), 1772-1781. [DOI:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2008.01.039] [PMID] []
28. Toner, J., & Moran, A. (2014). In praise of conscious awareness: A new framework for the investigation of "continuous improvement" in expert athletes. Frontiers in psychology, 5, 769. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00769] [PMID] []
29. Tsay, A., Allen, T. J., Leung, M., & Proske, U. (2012). The fall in force after exercise disturbs position sense at the human forearm. Experimental brain research, 222, 415-425. [DOI:10.1007/s00221-012-3228-z] [PMID]
30. Williams, K., Tarmizi, A., & Treleaven, J. (2017). Use of neck torsion as a specific test of neck related postural instability. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, 29, 115-119. [DOI:10.1016/j.msksp.2017.03.012] [PMID]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and Permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

© 2024 CC BY 4.0 | International Journal of Motor Control and Learning

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb