Write your message
Volume 4, Issue 4 (11-2022)                   IJMCL 2022, 4(4): 19-23 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Kordi H. (2022). Twelve Month Follow-up of Motor Skill Intervention on Fundamental Motor Skills in the Pre-schools. IJMCL. 4(4), 19-23. doi:10.52547/ijmcl.4.4.19
URL: http://ijmcl.com/article-1-128-en.html
Department of Literature, Humanities and Social Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , hassan.kordi@srbiau.ac.ir
Abstract:   (542 Views)
Background: The present study aims to determine whether motor skill intervention children sustained fundamental motor skill proficiency after one year of follow-up. Methods: The study was carried out among 39 girls (5.31± 0.23 yrs.) and boys (5.23 ± 0.2 yrs.) preschoolers without any previously-identified health problems. Participations were randomized to motor skill intervention with physical education specialists (N=19) and a control group that performed ordinary preschool physical activity (N=20). The TGMD-2 was used to measure children's FMS. The intervention was implemented 2 days a week for 12 months. Data were collected and analyzed in 12 months’ follow-up to examine the long-term effect of motor skill intervention on FMS. Results: Using repeated measure MANCOVA with gender covariate showed that participation in motor skill intervention was more improvement in locomotor and object control skills during both post-test and follow-up. In the control group, children developed locomotor skills, but object control in this group did not improve significantly (p>0.01). Conclusions: The results of this study illustrate that FMS not only requires natural growth and maturity for its development but also requires constant interaction with the stimuli coming from the educational program and especially environmental object control skills equipment in preschools.
Full-Text [PDF 492 kb]   (164 Downloads)    
  •  Girls had poorer object control skills than boys.
  •  Motor skills intervention by physical education experts can improve fundamental motor skills performance in boys and girls.
  •  Children need to constantly participate in physical activity to develop proper fundamental motor skills.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: 1-1. Motor Development
Received: 2022/06/23 | Accepted: 2022/11/8 | ePublished: 2023/02/7

1. Bonvin, A., Barral, J., Kakebeeke, T. H., Kriemler, S., Longchamp, A., Schindler, C., Marques-Vidal, P., & Puder, J. J. (2013). Effect of a governmentally-led physical activity program on motor skills in young children attending child care centers: a cluster randomized controlled trial. International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, 10(1), 1-12. [DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-10-90]
2. Brian, A., Bardid, F., Barnett, L. M., Deconinck, F. J., Lenoir, M., & Goodway, J. D. (2018). Actual and perceived motor competence levels of Belgian and United States preschool children. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6(s2), S320-S336. [DOI:10.1123/jmld.2016-0071]
3. Farrokhi, A., Zadeh, Z., Kazemnejad, A., & Ilbeigi, S. (2014). Reliability and validity of test of gross motor development-2 (Ulrich, 2000) among 3-10 aged children of Tehran City. Journal of Physical Education and Sport Management, 5(2), 18-28.
4. Gibson, J. J. (1977). The theory of affordances, In" Perceiving, Acting and Knowing", Eds. RE Shaw and J. Bransford. Erlbaum.
5. Hardy, L. L., Reinten-Reynolds, T., Espinel, P., Zask, A., & Okely, A. D. (2012). Prevalence and correlates of low fundamental movement skill competency in children. Pediatrics, 130(2), e390-e398. [DOI:10.1542/peds.2012-0345]
6. Iivonen, S., Sääkslahti, A., & Nissinen, K. (2011). The development of fundamental motor skills of four‐to five‐year‐old preschool children and the effects of a preschool physical education curriculum. Early Child Development and Care, 181(3), 335-343. [DOI:10.1080/03004430903387461]
7. Jarani, J., Grøntved, A., Muca, F., Spahi, A., Qefalia, D., Ushtelenca, K., Kasa, A., Caporossi, D., & Gallotta, M. (2016). Effects of two physical education programmes on health-and skill-related physical fitness of Albanian children. Journal of sports sciences, 34(1), 35-46. [DOI:10.1080/02640414.2015.1031161]
8. Kelso, A., Linder, S., Reimers, A. K., Klug, S. J., Alesi, M., Scifo, L., Borrego, C. C., Monteiro, D., & Demetriou, Y. (2020). Effects of school-based interventions on motivation towards physical activity in children and adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 101770. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101770]
9. Kordi, H., Rad, K. S., Rad, K. S., & Rad, J. S. (2017). Roopa Language and Movement Integrative Program: A biological perspective on child education. International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences, 3(1), 36-42.
10. Logan, S. W., Webster, E. K., Getchell, N., Pfeiffer, K. A., & Robinson, L. E. (2015). Relationship between fundamental motor skill competence and physical activity during childhood and adolescence: A systematic review. Kinesiology Review, 4(4), 416-426. [DOI:10.1123/kr.2013-0012]
11. Lopes, L., Santos, R., Coelho-e-Silva, M., Draper, C., Mota, J., Jidovtseff, B., Clark, C., Schmidt, M., Morgan, P., & Duncan, M. (2021). A narrative review of motor competence in children and adolescents: What we know and what we need to find out. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(1), 18. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph18010018]
12. Lorås, H. (2020). The effects of physical education on motor competence in children and adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports, 8(6), 88. [DOI:10.3390/sports8060088]
13. Mak, T. C., Chan, D. K., & Capio, C. M. (2021). Strategies for teachers to promote physical activity in early childhood education settings-A scoping review. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(3), 867. [DOI:10.3390/ijerph18030867]
14. Morgan, P. J., Barnett, L. M., Cliff, D. P., Okely, A. D., Scott, H. A., Cohen, K. E., & Lubans, D. R. (2013). Fundamental movement skill interventions in youth: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 132(5), e1361-e1383. [DOI:10.1542/peds.2013-1167]
15. Palmer, K. K., Chinn, K. M., & Robinson, L. E. (2019). The effect of the CHAMP intervention on fundamental motor skills and outdoor physical activity in preschoolers. Journal of sport and health science, 8(2), 98-105. [DOI:10.1016/j.jshs.2018.12.003]
16. Piek, J. P., McLaren, S., Kane, R., Jensen, L., Dender, A., Roberts, C., Rooney, R., Packer, T., & Straker, L. (2013). Does the Animal Fun program improve motor performance in children aged 4-6 years? Human movement science, 32(5), 1086-1096. [DOI:10.1016/j.humov.2012.08.004]
17. Reilly, J. J., Kelly, L., Montgomery, C., Williamson, A., Fisher, A., McColl, J. H., Conte, R. L., Paton, J. Y., & Grant, S. (2006). Physical activity to prevent obesity in young children: cluster randomised controlled trial. Bmj, 333(7577), 1041. [DOI:10.1136/bmj.38979.623773.55]
18. Robinson, L. E., & Goodway, J. D. (2009). Instructional climates in preschool children who are at-risk. Part I: Object-control skill development. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 80(3), 533-542. [DOI:10.1080/02701367.2009.10599591]
19. Robinson, L. E., Palmer, K. K., Webster, E. K., Logan, S. W., & Chinn, K. M. (2018). The effect of CHAMP on physical activity and lesson context in preschoolers: a feasibility study. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 89(2), 265-271. [DOI:10.1080/02701367.2018.1441966]
20. Roth, K., Kriemler, S., Lehmacher, W., Ruf, K. C., Graf, C., & Hebestreit, H. (2015). Effects of a physical activity intervention in preschool children. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 47(12), 2542-2551. [DOI:10.1249/MSS.0000000000000703]
21. Barnett, L.M., van Beurden, E., Morgan, P.J. et al. Six year follow-up of students who participated in a school-based physical activity intervention: a longitudinal cohort study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 6, 48 (2009). [DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-6-48]
22. Coppens E, Rommers N, Bardid F, et al. Long-term effectiveness of a fundamental motor skill intervention in Belgian children: A 6-year follow-up. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2021;;31(Supp 1):23-34. [DOI:10.1111/sms.13898]
23. Ulrich, D., & Sanford, C. (2000). Test of gross motor development: examiner's manual. Austin. TX: Pro-ed.
24. Veldman SLC, Jones RA, Okely ADEfficacy of gross motor skill interventions in young children: an updated systematic reviewBMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine 2016;2:e000067. doi: 10.1136/bmjsem-2015-000067 [DOI:10.1136/bmjsem-2015-000067]
25. Wick, K., Leeger-Aschmann, C. S., Monn, N. D., Radtke, T., Ott, L. V., Rebholz, C. E., Cruz, S., Gerber, N., Schmutz, E. A., & Puder, J. J. (2017). Interventions to promote fundamental movement skills in childcare and kindergarten: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 47(10), 2045-2068. [DOI:10.1007/s40279-017-0723-1]
26. Zeng, N., Johnson, S. L., Boles, R. E., & Bellows, L. L. (2019). Social-ecological correlates of fundamental movement skills in young children. Journal of sport and health science, 8(2), 122-129. [DOI:10.1016/j.jshs.2019.01.001]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and Permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

© 2023 CC BY 4.0 | International Journal of Motor Control and Learning

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb