Volume 4, Issue 1 (2-2022)                   IJMCL 2022, 4(1): 32-43 | Back to browse issues page

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Ahmadpour A, Heidari F, Van Vugt F. (2022). The Effect of Constant or Variable Training Distance on the Generalization of Throwing Skills. IJMCL. 4(1), 32-43. doi:10.52547/ijmcl.4.1.32
URL: http://ijmcl.com/article-1-113-en.html
Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Kurdistan, Pasdaran St, Sanandaj, Kurdistan, Iran , arezoahmadpour@uok.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2072 Views)
•    Beanbag throwing learning largely generalizes within the range of training, regardless of training distance and practice arrangement. 
•    Generalization can occur beyond the training distance but only within a limited range.



Background: Generalization is a vital aspect of real-life motor learning. We asked whether in a realistic skill (bean bag throwing) generalization occurs within or beyond the range of trained movements and whether this is different for constant or variable practice.
Methods: what was your outcomes? How you measured them? In two experiments participants threw beanbags at a target at various distances. In the first experiment (n=24), two training groups threw beanbags to a constant near or far target and were examined at an intermediate transfer test. In the second experiment (n=80), participants trained either at a single target (constant), or two targets alternatingly (variable) with targets placed at different distances and they were tested for transfer within and beyond the training range. A control group was included which only performed the transfer tasks.
Results: For the near transfer target, no group outperformed controls (P>.05), whereas all groups except the near constant group (P=.072) performed better than the control group at the intermediate target, and only the far constant training group performed better than controls at the far target (P<.02).
Conclusion: These results suggest that generalization is limited in this task. The generalization that was found depends mostly on the distance between the training and the transfer target, not on whether the transfer target is within the trained movement range. The superiority of the far constant group over other groups further suggests that the farther away the goal was, the greater the need for specialized training.
Full-Text [PDF 483 kb]   (1303 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: 1. Motor learning
Received: 2021/11/18 | Accepted: 2022/02/15

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