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Assistant Professor in Motor Behavior, Hakim Sabzevari University, Faculty of Sport Science, Sabzevar, Iran
Abstract:   (59 Views)
Background: One of the most important factors affecting the optimal implementation of motor skills and reaching the peak of performance in sports and competitive environments is the use of psychological skills.
 
Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the psychological skills of Iranian elite swimmers based on competitive experience, gender, age and swimming distance.
 
Methods: For this purpose, 93 elite swimmers were selected as available subjects. The Amst 3 questionnaire was used to measure the psychological skills of swimmers and then the findings were analyzed using SPSS software.
 
Results: The results of independent t-test and U-Man Whitney showed that there was no significant statistical difference between the psychological skills of Iranian elite swimmers based on competitive experience, age, gender and distance of swimming.
 
Conclusion: It seems that Iranian elite swimmers have learned psychological skills through natural learning, and this has made the level of psychological skills of Iranian elite swimmers about the same. Therefore, the need to use psychological interventions is important for elite Iranian swimmers.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: 1-3. Sport Psychology
Received: 2020/09/1 | Accepted: 2020/10/5 | Published: 2020/11/5

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