Volume 4, Issue 1 (2-2022)                   IJMCL 2022, 4(1): 1-8 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Parsaei S, Arastoo A A, Zahednejad S, Teymoori N, Derakhshesh M. The Effectiveness of Physical Activity on Mental Health and Mindfulness in Veterans and Disabled. IJMCL. 2022; 4 (1) :1-8
URL: http://ijmcl.com/article-1-61-en.html
Department of Motor Behavior. Faculty of Physical Education, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahwaz, Iran
Abstract:   (280 Views)
  • Mental health problems are one of the most common consequences of physical disability, and its prevalence is high in developing countries
  • Participating in physical activity can improve mental health and mindfulness among disabled persons.
  • It is recommended that all centers and organizations that interact with physically disabled people include physical activities to their programs to improve mental health.

Background: Physical Activity as a fundamental basis, generally for everyone in the community and particularly important for disabled people. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Physical Activity on mental health and mindfulness in veterans and disabled people.
Methods: The method of this research is descriptive-correlational. 100 veteran and disabled athletes and 100 veterans and non-athlete disabled participated in this research among disability institutions and rehabilitation centers in Ahvaz. The instrument used in this study was an international physical activity, mental health and mindfulness questionnaire.
Results: The mean age was in the athlete group (29.87 ± 3.88) and in the non-athlete group (28.25 ± 3.55). The results of independent t-test showed that there is a significant difference between the two groups, which shows the positive effect of activity on mental health and mindfulness variables in veterans and disabled athletes compared to non-athletes. It was also found that physical activity variable predicts two variables of mental health and mindfulness in veterans and the disabled. Multiple correlation coefficient was equal to MR = 0.879 and determination coefficient was equal to R2 = 0.772 which was significant at P <0.01 level.
Conclusion: In a general conclusion, participation in active activities and having sufficient mobility in veterans and disabled people can improve mental variables such as mental health and also mind awareness.
Full-Text [PDF 261 kb]   (243 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: 1-3. Sport Psychology
Received: 2021/11/9 | Accepted: 2021/01/24 | Published: 2022/02/10

1. Afkar, A., Nasiripour, A., Tabibi, J., Kamali, M., Farmanbar, R., & Kazem Nejad Leili, E. (2014). Comparison between Capabilities of the Disabled People before and after Implementation of Community Based on Rehabilitation (CBR) Program. Journal of Holisti.
2. Atadokht, A. (2014). Jokar Kamal Abadi N, Hoseini Kiasari T, Basharpoor S.The role of perceived social support in predicting psychological disorders in people with physical disability and its comparison with normal subjects. Archives of Rehabilitation, 15.
3. Baer, R. (2019). Assessment of mindfulness by self-report. Current opinion in psychology, 28, 42-48. [DOI:10.1016/j.copsyc.2018.10.015]
4. Bakhshayesh, H., Bahmani, F., & Kamali, M. (2013). Comparative of mental health disabled people of athletic and non-athletic. Iranian Journal of War and Public Health, 5(1), 22-26.
5. Biddle, S. J., & Asare, M. (2011). Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: a review of reviews. British journal of sports medicine, 45(11), 886-895. [DOI:10.1136/bjsports-2011-090185]
6. Biddle, S. J., Ciaccioni, S., Thomas, G., & Vergeer, I. (2019). Physical activity and mental health in children and adolescents: An updated review of reviews and an analysis of causality. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 42, 146-155. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.08.011]
7. Chu, I. H., Buckworth, J., Kirby, T. E., & Emery, C. F. (2009). Effect of exercise intensity on depressive symptoms in women. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 2(1), 37-43. [DOI:10.1016/j.mhpa.2009.01.001]
8. Cohen, K. E., Morgan, P. J., Plotnikoff, R. C., Callister, R., & Lubans, D. R. (2014). Fundamental movement skills and physical activity among children living in low-income communities: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutritio. [DOI:10.1186/1479-5868-11-49]
9. Creswell, J. D., & Lindsay, E. K. (2014). How does mindfulness training affect health? A mindfulness stress buffering account. Current directions in psychological science, 23(6), 401-407. [DOI:10.1177/0963721414547415]
10. da Silva, R., Rizzo, J. G., Gutierres Filho, P. J. B., Ramos, V., & Deans, S. (2011). Physical activity and quality of life of amputees in southern Brazil. Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 35(4), 432-438. [DOI:10.1177/0309364611425093]
11. GhasemiJobaneh, R., Arabzadeh, M., JaliliNikoo, S., MohammadAlipoor, Z., & Mohsenzadeh, F. (2015). Survey the validity and reliability of the persian version of short form of freiburg mindfulness inventory. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Scien.
12. Ghorbanzadeh, B., & Lotfi, M. (2018). The effect of mindfulness and physical exercise on addicted women's behavioral characteristics and preventing them from further addiction. Sport Psychology Studies (ie, mutaleat ravanshenasi varzeshi), 7(24), 1-17.
13. Kangasniemi, A., Lappalainen, R., Kankaanpää, A., & Tammelin, T. (2014). Mindfulness skills, psychological flexibility, and psychological symptoms among physically less active and active adults. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 7(3), 121-127. [DOI:10.1016/j.mhpa.2014.06.005]
14. Kennedy, P., Duff, J., Evans, M., & Beedie, A. (2003). Coping effectiveness training reduces depression and anxiety following traumatic spinal cord injuries. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 42(1), 41-52. [DOI:10.1348/014466503762842002]
15. Keyes, C. L., Shmotkin, D., & Ryff, C. D. (2002). Optimizing well-being: the empirical encounter of two traditions. Journal of personality and social psychology, 82(6), 1007. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.82.6.1007]
16. Khajavi, D., Khanmohamadi, R. (2016). The Effect of Green Exercise on Improving the Sleep Quality of Female Elderly without Regular Physical Activity in Arak City. Journal of Woman and Family Studies, 3(2), 7-32.
17. Maculey, E. (2005). Physical activity quality of life in older adults: efficacy-esteem and effective influences. Journal of Psychological Science, 10, 213-220.
18. Moradi, A., & Kalantari, M. (2006). The impact of life skills training on psychological profile of women with physical-motor disabilities. Journal of Exceptional Children, 6(1), 559-576.
19. Nejati, V. A. H. I. D., Amini, R. E. Z. A., ZabihZadeh, A. B. B. A. S., Masoumi, M. E. H. D. I., Maleki, G., & Shoaie, F. A. T. E. M. E. H. (2011). Mindfulness as effective factor in quality of life of blind veterans. Iranian journal of war and public hea.
20. Nourbala, A. A., Bagheri, Y. S., & Mohammad, K. (2009). The validation of general health questionnaire-28 as a psychiatric screening tool.
21. Opstoel, K., Chapelle, L., Prins, F. J., De Meester, A., Haerens, L., van Tartwijk, J., & De Martelaer, K. (2020). Personal and social development in physical education and sports: A review study. European Physical Education Review, 26(4), 797-813. [DOI:10.1177/1356336X19882054]
22. Parent, J., McKee, L. G., N Rough, J., & Forehand, R. (2016). The association of parent mindfulness with parenting and youth psychopathology across three developmental stages. Journal of abnormal child psychology, 44(1), 191-202. [DOI:10.1007/s10802-015-9978-x]
23. Ramazani, F., & Hejazi, M. (2020). The Comparison of Mental Health, Resilience and Hardiness in Athletes and Non-Athletes. Clinical Psychology and Personality, 15(1), 157-166.
24. Rüger, M., & Schmoelz, W. (2009). Vertebroplasty with high-viscosity polymethylmethacrylate cement facilitates vertebral body restoration in vitro. Spine, 34(24), 2619-2625. [DOI:10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181b61d10]
25. Slaski, M., & Cartwright, S. (2003). Emotional intelligence training and its implications for stress, health and performance. Stress and health, 19(4), 233-239. [DOI:10.1002/smi.979]
26. Sun, F., Norman, I. J., & While, A. E. (2013). Physical activity in older people: a systematic review. BMC public health, 13(1), 1-17. [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-13-449]
27. Van Der Zwan, J. E., De Vente, W., Huizink, A. C., Bögels, S. M., & De Bruin, E. I. (2015). Physical activity, mindfulness meditation, or heart rate variability biofeedback for stress reduction: a randomized controlled trial. Applied psychophysiology and . [DOI:10.1007/s10484-015-9293-x]
28. Vancampfort, D., De Hert, M., Myin‐Germeys, I., Rosenbaum, S., Stubbs, B., Van Damme, T., & Probst, M. (2019). Validity and correlates of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in first‐episode psychosis. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 13(3). [DOI:10.1111/eip.12521]
29. Vasudevan, V., Rimmer, J. H., & Kviz, F. (2015). Development of the barriers to physical activity questionnaire for people with mobility impairments. Disability and health journal, 8(4), 547-556. [DOI:10.1016/j.dhjo.2015.04.007]
30. Walsh, J. J., Balint, M. G., SJ, D. R. S., Fredericksen, L. K., & Madsen, S. (2009). Predicting individual differences in mindfulness: The role of trait anxiety, attachment anxiety and attentional control. Personality and Individual differences, 46(2), 94. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2008.09.008]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and Permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

© 2022 CC BY 4.0 | International Journal of Motor Control and Learning

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb