Volume 1, Issue 2 (11-2018)                   IJMCL 2018, 1(2): 33-46 | Back to browse issues page

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Shamiri M, Shojaei M, Ashayeri H, Daneshfar A. Effect of Perceptual-motor Activities on the Mirror Neurons Training, Behavioral Disorders, Qand Social Development in Children with High Functioning Autism. IJMCL. 2018; 1 (2) :33-46
URL: http://ijmcl.com/article-1-26-en.html
Master Graduate, Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Al-Zahra University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1370 Views)
Background: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are developmental conditions characterized by deficits in social interaction, motor performance, and obsessive/stereotyped patterns of behavior. Although there is no reliable neurophysiological marker associated with ASD, dysfunction of the parietal-frontal mirror neuron system has been suggested as a disturbance linked to the disorder.
Objective: The purpose of this applied and basic study was to investigate the effect of perceptual-motor training on the mirror neuron activity, behavioral disorders, and social development in children with high function autism.
Methods: The pretest-posttest randomized-group research design was used for this quasi-experimental research. Therefore,  12 children with high function autism (7-11 years) were selected from a special school and then assigned into two groups (experimental and control). Social development, behavioral disorders, and mirror neurons activity were assessed at baseline (pre-intervention), week 8 ( post-intervention). The experimental group received perceptual motor training three times per week for 8 weeks). Data were analyzed by independent t-test, mixed 2
˟ 2 ˟ 2 ˟ 3 ANOVA, mix ANOVA 2 ˟ 2 at the p<0.05 significance.
Results: Results showed that perceptual motor training significantly reduced behavioral disorders(p<0.05), and increased social development in the experimental group(p<0.05). furthermore, there was a significant improvement in MNs activity in the experimental group compared with the control group. (p<0.05).
Conclusion: These results can affect the improvement of autistic children and it emphasized the role of motor skills in autistic children school schedule.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: 2. Motor control
Received: 2018/08/8 | Accepted: 2018/10/29 | Published: 2018/11/19

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