Write your message
Volume 5, Issue 1 (2-2023)                   IJMCL 2023, 5(1): 45-51 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bayat Z, Azimkhani A, VaezMousavi M K. (2023). Investigating Physical and Psychological Interventions on the Performance and Bold Behavior of Elite Kung Fu Fighters. IJMCL. 5(1), 45-51. doi:10.52547/ijmcl.5.1.45
URL: http://ijmcl.com/article-1-130-en.html
Imam Reza International University, Mashhad, Iran , amin.azimkhani@imamreza.ac.ir
Abstract:   (296 Views)
Background: The aims and all the aspects related to the assessment, will be taken into consideration, together to that can have a positive effect on performance, allowing each athlete, team and coach a good workout or match, whatever their competitive level. This study aimed to investigate the effect of eight weeks of physical and psychological interventions on the performance and bold behavior of elite Kung Fu fighters.
Methods: The research method was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test with a control group. N=40 elite Kung Fu fighters (25.31 ± 3.25 years) were selected as volunteers and were randomly divided into two groups (n= 20 for each of the experimental and control group). The data were collected using two questionnaires on sports performance and bold behavior. The experimental group did combine physical-psychological exercises for eight weeks. During this time, the control group did their daily activities. Results: The results of Mixed ANOVA and independent sample t-test showed that eight weeks of combined exercises (physical-psychological) significantly increased the sports performance and bold behavior scores of Kung Fu fighters.
Conclusion: According to the findings, it is suggested to the coaches that, in addition to daily technical and tactical exercises, use psychological skills training in combination with physical exercises along with different psychological approaches and different training systems in order to improve the performance and boldness of Kung Fu fighters.
Full-Text [PDF 629 kb]   (73 Downloads)    
  • The combined exercises (physical-psychological) may increase the sports performance scores in Kung Fu fighters.
  • Physical and psychological interventions also increase the bold behavior and its components score in Kung Fu fighters.
  • Psychological skills make the athlete feel progress and gain self-confidence during the competition.
  • Developing physical skills require practicing the part that needs strengthening to improve performance.

Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: 1-3. Sport Psychology
Received: 2022/07/14 | Accepted: 2023/02/10 | ePublished: 2023/02/12

1. Al-Khafaji. E., Azimmkhani, A., & Saatchian, V. (2021). Investigating the role of sports coping skills and spiritual attitude in predicting the bold behavior of elite Iraqi football players. Master's thesis, Imam Reza International University.
2. Azimkhani, A., Yazd, A. S., & Aminzadeh, R. (2021). The Effect of Sports Exercises on Students' Differentiation and Perfectionism. Spor Bilimleri Araştırmaları Dergisi, 6(2), 504-520. [DOI:10.25307/jssr.962198]
3. Behzad, N. (2011). The effect of assertiveness training on self-efficacy and choice of university course for female students in Varamin region. Alzahra University.
4. Camomilla, V., Bergamini, E., Fantozzi, S., & Vannozzi, G. (2018). Trends supporting the in-field use of wearable inertial sensors for sport performance evaluation: A systematic review. Sensors, 18(3), 873-889. [DOI:10.3390/s18030873]
5. Charbonneau, D., Barling, J., & Kelloway, E.K. (2001). Transformational leadership and sports performance,the mediating role of intrinsic motivation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, pp, 1521-1534. [DOI:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2001.tb02686.x]
6. Chow, E. C., & Etnier, J. L. (2017). Effects of music and video on perceived exertion during high-intensity exercise. Journal of sport and health science, 6(1), 81-88. [DOI:10.1016/j.jshs.2015.12.007]
7. Chung, P. J., Chiou, C. J., & Chou, F. H. (2009). Relationships between health status, depression and cognitive functions of institutionalized male veterans. Archives of gerontology and geriatrics, 49(2), 215-219. [DOI:10.1016/j.archger.2008.08.002]
8. D'Isanto, T., D'Elia, F., Raiola, G., & Altavilla, G. (2019). Assessment of sport performance: Theoretical aspects and practical indications. Sport Mont, 17(1), 79-82. [DOI:10.26773/smj.190214]
9. Elvers, P., & Steffens, J. (2017). The sound of success: Investigating cognitive and behavioral effects of motivational music in sports. Frontiers in psychology, 8, 20-26. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02026]
10. Golby, J., & Wood, P. (2016). The effects of psychological skills training on mental toughness and psychological well-being of student-athletes. Psychology, 7(06), 901-915. [DOI:10.4236/psych.2016.76092]
11. Hagyard, J., Brimmell, J., Edwards, E. J., & Vaughan, R. S. (2021). Inhibitory control across athletic expertise and its relationship with sport performance. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 43(1), 14-27. [DOI:10.1123/jsep.2020-0043]
12. HasanvandAmuzadeh, M. (2011). The relationship between shyness, self-esteem, self-efficacy and courage with social anxiety. Journal of Social psychology,7(24), 35-56.
13. Holgado, D., Hopker, J., Sanabria, D., & Zabala, M. (2018). Analgesics and sport performance: beyond the pain-modulating effects. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 10(1), 72-82. [DOI:10.1016/j.pmrj.2017.07.068]
14. Hornsby, W. G., Gentles, J. A., Haff, G. G., Stone, M. H., Buckner, S. L., Dankel, S. J., & Loenneke, J. P. (2018). What is the impact of muscle hypertrophy on strength and sport performance? Strength & Conditioning Journal, 40(6), 99-111. [DOI:10.1519/SSC.0000000000000432]
15. Jans, O., Guzman, T., & Antonino, B. (2021). Effects of Functional Strength Training on Functional Movement and Balance in Middle-Aged Adults. Sustainability, 13, 10-18. [DOI:10.3390/su13031074]
16. Khanjari, Y., Arab Ameri, E., Garooei, R., Motashareei, E., & Hemayattalab, R. (2013). The Effect of a Course of Psychological Skills Training (PST) Program on Selected Mental Skills and the Performance of Teenager Female Taekwondo Athletes of Iranian National Team. Research in Sport Management and Motor Behavior. 3(5), 25-34.
17. Killham, M. E., Mosewich, A. D., Mack, D. E., Gunnell, K. E., & Ferguson, L. J. (2018). Women athletes' self-compassion, self-criticism, and perceived sport performance. Sport, Exercise and Performance Psychology, 7(3), 297-315. [DOI:10.1037/spy0000127]
18. Kordan, Z., Lolaty, H. A., Mousavinasab, S. N., & Fard, J. H. (2019). Relationship between psychological well-being and social capital and resilience among cancer patients. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Sciences, 6(3), 131-145. [DOI:10.4103/JNMS.JNMS_11_19]
19. Kuan, G., Morris, T., & Terry, P. (2017). Effects of music on arousal during imagery in elite shooters: A pilot study. PLOS one, 12(4), 1-15. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0175022]
20. Naderi Nobandegani, Z., Momeni Javid, M., Hosseinian, S. (2016). Effectiveness of Training Assertiveness Behavior on life Quality in School and Social Anxiety of Females' Students. New Educational Approaches, 10(2), 101-116.
21. Nahum, O. (2016). Athlete's Subjective Performance Scale (ASPS).
22. Pratomo, C., & Gumantan, A. (2021). Analisis Efektifitas Pembelajaran Daring Terhadap Hasil Belajar Pendidikan Olahraga Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19 SMK SMTI Bandarlampung. Journal of Physical Education, 2(1), 26-31. [DOI:10.33365/joupe.v2i1.964]
23. Röthlin, P., Horvath, S., Trösch, S., grosse Holtforth, M., & Birrer, D. (2020). Differential and shared effects of psychological skills training and mindfulness training on performance-relevant psychological factors in sport: a randomized controlled trial. BMC psychology, 8(1), 1-13. [DOI:10.1186/s40359-020-00449-7]
24. Rüb, J., Bahemia, H., & Schleyer, C. (2017). An examination of barriers to business model innovation. International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation (ICE/ITMC), 335-350. [DOI:10.1109/ICE.2017.8279906]
25. Sadeghi, N., Zamani Sani, S., & Hasanzadeh, N. (2019). The effect of mental skills training on mental profile and performance of teenager soccer players in preparation phase. Sports Psychology, 4(1), 14-27. [DOI:10.29252/mbsp.4.1.14]
26. Safaei, I., & Qorbaninejad, M. (2020). Effectiveness of Energizing and Relaxing Music on Performance of Youth Members of the Islamic Republic of Iran's National Judo Team. Sport Psychology Studies, 8(30), 77-98.
27. Shah Hosseini, M., Sabahi, P., Makvand Hosseini, S., & Golmohammadi, B. (2020). Effectiveness of mindfulness sport performance enhancement (MSPE) on attention, planning and sport performance of elite Judoka. Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry, 7(2), 37-52. [DOI:10.52547/shenakht.7.2.37]
28. ShoaKazemi, M., & MomeniJavid, M., (2010). A Comparative Study of the Relationship between Bold Behavior, Self-Esteem and Religious Orientation of Athletic and Non-Athletic Students, Scientific Journal on Islamic Education. 19(12). 1-12.
29. Strandvik, T., Holmlund, M., & Lähteenmäki, I. (2018). One of these days, things are going to change! How do you make sense of market disruption? Business Horizons, 61(3), 477-486. [DOI:10.1016/j.bushor.2018.01.014]
30. Vaculík, M., Lorenz, A., Roijakkers, N., & Vanhaverbeke, W. (2018). Pulling the plug? investigating firm-level drivers of innovation project termination. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 66(2), 180-192. [DOI:10.1109/TEM.2018.2798922]
31. Van Vuuren, D. P., Stehfest, E., Gernaat, D. E., Van Den Berg, M., Bijl, D. L., De Boer, H. S., & van Sluisveld, M. A. (2018). Alternative pathways to the 1.5 C target reduce the need for negative emission technologies. Nature Climate Change, 8(5), 391-397. [DOI:10.1038/s41558-018-0119-8]
32. VaezMousavi, M., & Shams, A. (2017). Mental Health of Iranian Elite Athletes. Iranian Journal of Health Education and Health Promotion, 5(3), 191-202. [DOI:10.30699/acadpub.ijhehp.5.3.191]
33. VaezMousavi, S. M., & Shojaie, M. (2005). Frequencies of Aggressive Behaviors in Win, Lose, and Tie Situations. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences, 17(1), 42-50.
34. Webster, K. E., McPherson, A. L., Hewett, T. E., & Feller, J. A. (2019). Factors associated with a return to pre-injury level of sport performance after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction surgery. The American journal of sports medicine, 47(11), 2557-2562. [DOI:10.1177/0363546519865537]
35. Xiang, M. Q., Hou, X. H., Liao, B. G., Liao, J. W., & Hu, M. (2018). The effect of neurofeedback training for sport performance in athletes: A meta-analysis. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 36, 114-122. [DOI:10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.02.004]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and Permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

© 2023 CC BY 4.0 | International Journal of Motor Control and Learning

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb