Volume 4, Issue 2 (5-2022)                   IJMCL 2022, 4(2): 14-21 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Aminaee A, Tahmasebi Boroujeni S, Arab Ameri E, Shahbazi M, Sharifnezhad A. Expertise Influence on Anticipatory Postural Adjustment under Different Temporal Pressure. IJMCL. 2022; 4 (2) :14-21
URL: http://ijmcl.com/article-1-115-en.html
Associate Professor of Motor Behaviour, Department of Motor Behaviour and Sport Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (51 Views)
Highlights:
  • Expert Table Tennis players demonstrate higher APA magnitude of dorsal muscles than novice counterparts.
  • Expert and Novice Table Tennis players show similar APA onset time.
  • Skilled Table Tennis players have ability to anticipate body position change more effectively than novice player.
  • The greater the available time for motor preparation, the better anticipation of the APAs


Abstract

Background: Skilled athletes’ optimal performance might be due to their postural ability to counteract perturbation. However, how expertise influences coordination of anticipatory postural adjustment (APA) and main movement under temporal pressure needs more investigation. This study aimed to investigate how available time (temporal pressure) for central nervous system to prepare postural and motor commands, differentiates skilled and novice postural capacity during performing Table Tennis Forehand stroke.

Methods: 10 skilled (20.3±1.15 years old) and 10 novice (19.9±0.99 years old) Table Tennis players while maintaining Forehand stroke position on two force plates, stand in front of a screen that presenting Coincident Anticipation Timing stimulus. Participants completed a block of 20 trials consisted of random-order presentation of fast and slow stimuli and surface muscle activity of postural muscles were recorded using Electromyography device, simultaneously.

Results: The results of two-way MANOVA showed that, more/less temporal pressure for central nervous system led to later/earlier onset time of APA with lower/higher magnitude, respectively. Skilled players’ postural strategy was higher magnitude of APA in dorsal muscles (Erector Spainae, Biceps Femoris and Gasterocnemous), more backward peak excursion and lower velocity of centre of pressure.

Conclusion: Although such findings may be beneficial factors for coaches in programming athletes’ training, however, the similarity in anticipatory postural adjustments’ onset time of novice and skilled players, do not let certain conclusion about the effects of expertise on feed-forward control of posture.
Full-Text [PDF 392 kb]   (58 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: 2. Motor control
Received: 2022/01/19 | Accepted: 2022/04/25 | Published: 2022/05/5

References
1. Akpinar, S., Devrilmez, E., & Kirazci, S. (2012). Coincidence-Anticipation Timing Requirements are Different in Racket Sports. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 115(2), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.2466/30.25.27.PMS.115.5.581-593 [DOI:10.2466/30.25.27.PMS.115.5.ISSN]
2. Aruin, A. S. (2003). The effect of changes in the body configuration on anticipatory postural adjustments. Motor Control, 7(3), 264-277. [DOI:10.1123/mcj.7.3.264]
3. Aruin, A. S., Kanekar, N., Lee, Y.-J., & Ganesan, M. (2015). Enhancement of anticipatory postural adjustments in older adults as a result of a single session of ball throwing exercise. Experimental Brain Research, 233(2), 649-655. [DOI:10.1007/s00221-014-4144-1]
4. Aruin, A. S., & Latash, M. L. (1995). The role of motor action in anticipatory postural adjustments studied with self-induced and externally triggered perturbations. Experimental Brain Research, 106(2), 291-300. [DOI:10.1007/BF00241125]
5. Chen, B., Lee, Y. J., & Aruin, A. S. (2015). Anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments in conditions of body asymmetry induced by holding an object. Experimental Brain Research, 233(11), 3087-3096. [DOI:10.1007/s00221-015-4377-7]
6. Cuisinier, R., Olivier, I., & Nougier, V. (2005). Effects of foreperiod duration on anticipatory postural adjustments: Determination of an optimal preparation in standing and sitting for a raising arm movement. Brain Research Bulletin, 66(2), 163-170. [DOI:10.1016/j.brainresbull.2005.04.010]
7. Day, S. (2002). Important factors in surface EMG measurement. Bortec Biomedical Ltd Publishers, 1-17.
8. Ekstrom, R. A., Donatelli, R. A., & Carp, K. C. (2007). Electromyographic analysis of core trunk, hip, and thigh muscles during 9 rehabilitation exercises. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 37(12), 754-762. [DOI:10.2519/jospt.2007.2471]
9. Galgon, A. K., Shewokis, P. A., & Tucker, C. A. (2010). Changes in standing postural control during acquisition of a sequential reaching task. Gait & Posture, 31(2), 265-271. [DOI:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2009.11.002]
10. Hardie, R., Haskew, R., Harris, J., & Hughes, G. (2015). The effects of bag style on muscle activity of the trapezius, erector spinae and latissimus dorsi during walking in female university students. Journal of Human Kinetics, 45(1), 39-47. [DOI:10.1515/hukin-2015-0005]
11. Horak, F. B., Diener, H. C., & Nashner, L. M. (1989). Influence of central set on human postural responses. Journal of Neurophysiology, 62(4), 841-853. [DOI:10.1152/jn.1989.62.4.841]
12. Ilmane, N., & Larue, J. (2011). Modulation of Anticipatory Postural Adjustments in the Anticipation-Coincidence Task. Journal of Motor Behavior, 43(4), 333-343. [DOI:10.1080/00222895.2011.594819]
13. Ilmane, N., & LaRue, J. (2008). Modulation of anticipatory postural adjustments in a complex task under different temporal constraints. Motor Control, 12(4), 330-347. [DOI:10.1123/mcj.12.4.330]
14. Klous, M., Mikulic, P., & Latash, M. L. (2011). Two aspects of feedforward postural control: anticipatory postural adjustments and anticipatory synergy adjustments. Journal of Neurophysiology, 105, 2275-2288. [DOI:10.1152/jn.00665.2010]
15. Klous, M., Mikulic, P., & Latash, M. L. (2012). Early postural adjustments in preparation to whole-body voluntary sway. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 22(1), 110-116. [DOI:10.1016/j.jelekin.2011.11.005]
16. Krishnan, V., Latash, M. L., & Aruin, A. S. (2012). Early and late components of feed-forward postural adjustments to predictable perturbations. Clinical Neurophysiology. [DOI:10.1016/j.clinph.2011.09.014]
17. Liang, Y., Hiley, M., & Kanosue, K. (2019). The effect of contact sport expertise on postural control. PloS One, 14(2). [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0212334]
18. Massion, J. (1992). Movement, posture and equilibrium: Interaction and coordination. Progress in Neurobiology. [DOI:10.1016/0301-0082(92)90034-C]
19. Merletti, R. (2000). Surface electromyography: The SENIAM project. European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 36(4), 167.
20. Mohapatra, S., Krishnan, V., & Aruin, A. S. (2012). Postural control in response to an external perturbation: effect of altered proprioceptive information. Experimental Brain Research, 217(2), 197-208. [DOI:10.1007/s00221-011-2986-3]
21. Paillard, T. (2019). Relationship between sport expertise and postural skills. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1428. [DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01428]
22. Popa, T., Bonifazi, M., Della Volpe, R., Rossi, A., & Mazzocchio, R. (2008). Anticipatory control of impending postural perturbation in elite springboard divers. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 104(6), 1007-1011. [DOI:10.1007/s00421-008-0856-x]
23. Powell, D. W., & Williams III, D. S. B. (2015). Athletes trained using stable compared to unstable surfaces exhibit distinct postural control profiles when assessed by traditional and nonlinear measures. Human Movement Science, 44, 73-80. [DOI:10.1016/j.humov.2015.08.013]
24. Ramezanzadeh, H. (2011). The Effect of Practice Arrangement (Contextual Interference) with Constant, Increasing and Decreasing Speeds on Acquisition, Retention and Transfer of Coincidence Anticipation Tasks. Shahid Beheshty University.
25. Rashid, M. R., Ahmad, I. N., Haron, R., & Adnan, R. (2012). Treatment effectiveness of continuous passive motion machine during post-operative treatment of anterior cruciate ligament patients. 2012 IEEE Symposium on Humanities, Science and Engineering Research, 469-473. IEEE. [DOI:10.1109/SHUSER.2012.6268880]
26. Saito, H., Yamanaka, M., Kasahara, S., & Fukushima, J. (2014). Relationship between improvements in motor performance and changes in anticipatory postural adjustments during whole-body reaching training. Human Movement Science, 37, 69-86. [DOI:10.1016/j.humov.2014.07.001]
27. Schmidt, R. A. (1988). Motor Control and Learning 5th Edition. Human kinetics.
28. Sheppard, A., & Li, F. X. (2007). Expertise and the control of interception in table tennis. European Journal of Sport Science, 7(4), 213-222. [DOI:10.1080/17461390701718505]
29. Shin, W. T. (2019). Effects of Boxing Training on Anticipatory Postural Adjustments (Miami University). Miami University. [DOI:http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=miami15559579258238]
30. Shiratori, T., & Latash, M. (2000). The roles of proximal and distal muscles in anticipatory postural adjustments under asymmetrical perturbations and during standing on rollerskates. Clinical Neurophysiology, 111(4), 613-623. [DOI:10.1016/S1388-2457(99)00300-4]
31. Shumway-Cook, A., & Woollacott, M. H. (2007). Motor Control: Translating Research Into Clinical Practice. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=BJcL3enz3xMC
32. Slijper, H., & Latash, M. L. (2004). The effects of muscle vibration on anticipatory postural adjustments. Brain Research, 1015(1-2), 57-72. [DOI:10.1016/j.brainres.2004.04.054]
33. Slijper, H., Latash, M. L., & Mordkoff, J. T. (2002). Anticipatory postural adjustments under simple and choice reaction time conditions. Brain Research, 924, 184-197. [DOI:10.1016/S0006-8993(01)03233-4]
34. Smith, J. A., Ignasiak, N. K., & Jacobs, J. V. (2020). Task-invariance and reliability of anticipatory postural adjustments in healthy young adults. Gait & Posture, 76, 396-402. [DOI:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2020.01.003]
35. Steenhuis, R. E., & Bryden, M. P. (1989). Different dimensions of hand preference that relate to skilled and unskilled activities. Cortex, 25(2), 289-304. [DOI:10.1016/S0010-9452(89)80044-9]
36. Thompson, L. A., Badache, M., Cale, S., Behera, L., & Zhang, N. (2017). Balance performance as observed by center-of-pressure parameter characteristics in male soccer athletes and non-athletes. Sports, 5(4), 86. [DOI:10.3390/sports5040086]
37. Zaback, M., Cleworth, T. W., Carpenter, M. G., & Adkin, A. L. (2015). Personality traits and individual differences predict threat-induced changes in postural control. Human Movement Science, 40, 393-409. [DOI:10.1016/j.humov.2015.01.015]
38. Zhao, Z., Watanabe, K., Asaka, T., & Wang, Y. (2020). Postural control in preparation to a step during support surface perturbation. Research in Sports Medicine, 1-6. [DOI:10.1080/15438627.2020.1745802]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and Permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

© 2022 CC BY 4.0 | International Journal of Motor Control and Learning

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb